Ground Water Department

Government of Uttar Pradesh

Ground Water and Landscape resources in brief

Outlook of groundwater resources in the state

Fortunately, much of the area of the Uttar Pradesh comes within the plains of 'Ganga-Yamuna Rivers', which is one of the world's wealthy groundwater reserves.Over the years to meet the diverse needs of the water in the state has highly increased its reliance on groundwater resources. Especially due to unplanned and uncontrolled exploitation for irrigation, drinking water, industrial areas and due to lack of integrated and effective management and planning of this resource in terms of availability and quality is reaching in serious condition.In many parts of the state, both urban and rural areas, the availability of ground water sources have decreased to alarming levels.

  • UP is an agricultural state, where ground water resources has made a niche for them as a major irrigation source.
  • Its assessment is based on the fact that approximately 70 percent of irrigated agriculture in the state mainly relies on groundwater resources.
  • 80 percent of drinking water and 85 percent industrial sector needs also met from groundwater resources.
  • Assessment of increasing dependence on groundwater resources can be gauged from the fact that in the year 2000 in the state water development / exploitation rate was 54.31 percent and in 2009, it was estimated at 72.16 percent which has increased to 73.65 in 2011 and in 2013 is 73.78%.
  • Large-scale exploitation of groundwater is being done through small irrigation sector 48 million shallow tube wells, 49480 medium tube wells and 33510 deep tube wells and 30917 government tube wells.
  • Under drinking water projects in 630 urban areas 5200 million liters and in rural areas, nearly 7,800 million liters per day of groundwater is being over exploitated.
  • As a result, a situation of over exploitation is being created in the state's many rural and urban areas and this uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources is leading to acute crisis of pollution and ecological imbalance.
  • Based on Groundwater Assessment Report, 2013 in terms of ground water development in the state 820 blocks has been classified as over-exploited, critical, Semi critical and safe, which is being given below:-

    S. No. Category Number of blocks
    1. Over-exploited 113
    2. Critical 59
    3. Semi-critical 45
    4. Safe 603
    Total 820
  • Since 2000, the number of over-exploited and critical blocks have been found to increase progressively.In 2000, only 22 of the estimated block were found to be in over-exploited / critical category, which reached to 50 in the 2004 assessment. Based on the new estimate, of March 31, 2009 the number of over-exploited and critical blocks reached 108 and based on new estimates of 31 March 2011, the number of over-exploited and critical blocks has reached to 179 and based on new estimates of 31 March 2013, the number of over-exploited and critical blocks has reached to 172.
Status of troubled blocks in the state
Block Category Year-2000 Year-2004 Year-2009 Year-2011 Year-2013 Year-2017
Over-exploited 2 37 76 111 113 82
Critical 20 13 32 68 59 47
Semicritical 53 88 107 82 45 151
Total 75 138 215 261 217 280